Research Group

Research at School of Dental Sciences (SDS)

The School of Dental Sciences, USM (SDS) was established in 1998 and is a relatively new player in research. Even then, the school has a number of successes and has received awards from research activities. It is important that we now move further forward in research activities and play our part towards achieving the vision of the university and the school. Under the Craniofacial Sciences Cluster, SDS has identified five Reserch Groups in achieving the vision.


Craniofacial Sciences Cluster

Coordinator: Deputy Dean (Research)
Secretary: Abdul Hakim Abdul Basir

Under the cluster, five (5) Research Groups were identified.

1) Craniofacial Medical Imaging
2) Biomaterial
3) Stem Cell & Tissue Engineering
4) Oral Health & Oral Diseases
5) Craniofacial Biology


1) Craniofacial Medical Imaging

Craniofacial imaging research is highly influenced by the introduction of new imaging technology that has been making progress throughout the year. The research in this area will enable us to understand and organize new information derived from the imaging techniques. Such information could now be obtained clearer, faster and conveniently available to the others who involved in the works of craniofacial imaging.

The aim of cranio-maxillofacial surgery is craniofacial reconstruction of craniofacial defect or deformity. It is a complicated and risky endeavor involving intricate procedures that demand the skills and experience of cranio-maxillofacial surgeons.

Scope and Subtopic
• Implantology
• CT and MRI reconstruction

Contact Persons:

Coordinator: Assoc. Prof. Dr. Zainul Ahmad Rajion
Science Officer: Abdul Hakim Abdul Basir
Research Officer: Ms Syafawati Zaim

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2) Biomaterial

The research emphasizes on the synthesis, characterization and evaluation and clinical application of biomaterials. The unit is equipped with Biomaterials Synthesis Laboratory (BSL) and Advanced Materials Assessment Laboratory (AMAL) under the care of experienced personnel. Research in biomaterial has been explored along with craniofacial sciences' research based in order to find, innovate and commercialise cheaper bone substitution in surgery. Starting with research in Sea Coral Graft and Hydroxyapetite (HA) done together with Tissue Bank in early 2000 then evolved to chemistry-biomaterial based focused on dental nanocomposites. The current research is to innovate local dental composite using filler from rice husk, also synthesis of nanopowders such as hydroxyapatite-silica composite, hybrid nanosilica, calcium phosphate based materials for application in various dental materials.

Contact Persons :

Coordinator: Prof. Ismail Ab Rahman
Science Officer: Ms Noor Baizura Ab Ghani
Science Officer: Ms Che Suhailah Abd Rahman

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3) Stem Cell & Tissue Engineering

Our research initially focuses on mesenchymal stem cells harvested from human dental pulp namely SHED (Stem cell from human exfoliated deciduous teeth) which is from the milk tooth and DPSCs (Dental pulp stem cells) obtained from permanent tooth. Research grants looking into the cellular and molecular characterization of stem cells derived from human exfoliated deciduous teeth. With additional research members, the area of research study increases .The area of research covers a wide spectrum of interests including gene expression analysis, determination of cell lineages, immunological responses and others. Researches in the application of these stem cells in tissue engineering and natural products are also being looked into.

Scope and Subtopic

1. Cell line (normal) establishment
- cloning
- characterization
- gene expression analysis
- immuno-regulatory effect

2. Stem cell differentiation
- odontoblast
- dentin-like cell
- cementum-like cell
- osteoblast-like cell
- fibroblast-like cell
- epithelial-like cell
- neuron-like cell

Contact Persons:

Coordinator: Dr. Azlina Ahmad
Science Officer: Ms Nor Shamsuria Omar
Research Officer: Ms Norliana Ghazali

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4) Oral Health & Oral Diseases

Oral Health & Oral Diseases Research Group (OHOD RG) is one of the five research groups that has been established in early 2013. However the foundation of this research group has been started before this, as early as 2001. Many grants and publications in this area of research had been applied and published.

Scope/Subtopic

This research group is focusing on seven subtopics as below :

Contact Persons :

Coordinator: Dr. Azlina Ahmad
Science Officer: Ms Haswati Abdullah

Research
Officer:
Mr Mohamad Ezany Yusoff

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5) Craniofacial Biology

Craniofacial Sciences Research Cluster was established under School of Dental Sciences, Universiti Sains Malaysia Health Campus, for the purpose of encouraging fundamental and clinical research in craniofacial science especially in cleft lip with or without cleft palate (CLP). Research on the genetic basis, hereditary and environmental interactions, prevention and optimal treatment of craniofacial anomalies are the main focus. Our research cluster is comprised of an outstanding team of experts dedicated to study and understand the causes of craniofacial anomalies as well as the possibilities to implement useful actions to improve the quality of life and promoting the well-being of the society.

Scope/Subtopic

Contact Persons:

Coordinator: Dr. Saidi Jaafar
Science Officer: Ms Zarina Jaafar
Science
Officer: Mr Nur Mohamad Mohd Makhtar

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Contact Person:

Mr Abdul Hakim Abdul Basir
Science Officer
Email : abdhakim [at] usm.my
Phone : +609 767 5670
Fax : +609 767 5727